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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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ON THE  CHANGE OF BEFRANGIBILITY  OF  LIGHT.
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partial separation, of the sensitive principles took place; for the upper fluid exhibited the orange dispersion abundantly, but none of the red, and little or none of the green, while the under fluid exhibited the green and red dispersions with little, if any, of the orange. The upper fluid exhibited a pretty copious dispersive reflexion of reddish orange, and the under fluid a remarkably copious reflexion of a fine green. A similar separation, more or less perfect, took place in other cases, the dispersion of orange bearing to that of green a greater ratio in the ether than in the water. Some of the green-dispersing fluids thus obtained were most remarkable on account of the extraordinary copiousness of the reflected green, and the strange contrast which it presented to the transmitted tint, which was a purplish red.
The red dispersion in the second ethereal solution, though decided, was by no means copious. In the case of archil merely diluted with water, it had been so slight that its existence might have been considered doubtful. It might be supposed that the first solution was not sufficiently concentrated to exhibit the red dispersion, in which case the red and green dispersions might have been due to the same sensitive principle. But an ethereal extract from dried archil, which was plainly concentrated enough, did not exhibit the red dispersion, although it did exhibit the orange and green dispersions. None of the sensitive principles appear to constitute the chief part of the colouring matter of this dye-stuff.
68. When some of these ethereal solutions were examined by the third method, with a lens of shorter focus than usual, the appearance was very singular. At the less refrangible end of the spectrum the incident light was quite inactive; and then, on reaching a certain point, a copious dispersion of orange commenced abruptly. This continued with no particular change for some distance further on, when it passed abruptly into green. The fourth method showed however that the former dispersion continued, and was only masked, in the third method of observation, by a new and more powerful dispersion of green which then commenced. And in fact when the green-dispersing principle was separated, or partially separated, by water, the orange dispersion was seen to continue where before it appeared to have been exchanged for green.